Monthly Archives: September 2014

Neither Watchmaker Nor Watch

In the New York Times editorial God, Darwin and My College Biology Class, David P. Barash argues that evolution and religion are difficult to reconcile.

watch on the beachWhether or not this is true, Barash says William Paley’s watchmaker argument has been shown to be bunk given natural selection, but then concludes the paragraph saying that living things are an “entirely mechanical phenomenon“.  Many have noted that we are substituting modern mechanical metaphors for ancient mind metaphors, such that we look at the cosmos as a machine rather than as a cosmic mind with a plan.

treeThe odd thing is that machines are all intelligently designed, which is the opposite of what Barash is arguing about life and evolution.  It would be more accurate to say that the diversification of life is itself a tree, given that it appears to be one far more than it does a watch.  Ancient people thought trees have human-like minds or “spirits”, which many modern people consider to be foolish animism, but we are replacing that with unrecognized, unselfconscious metaphors ourselves.

Train wreck Montparnasse 1895We are still portraying the world in human terms, viewing it as if it is like ourselves, but we now interact with more machines than people, which I sadly recognize as I talk to you through this textual device.  People used to think the world was a parent, and now they think it is a machine, which is sad because it need not be either at all.  It seems that people used to have their lives shaped and given order by personal interactions, and now have their lives shaped and ordered by a whirling din of mechanics, each device itself intelligently designed but the whole interaction not planned out at all.

UNBOXED: The Jain Leaky Boat – Plugging & Bailing

SONY DSCThe Jains of ancient India used the metaphor of the leaky boat to show how, through discipline and training, you can improve your body and mind. Say you are crossing a river in a leaky boat. To get to the other side, like the proverbial chicken, you must first plug the leaks, and then bail water out of the boat. If you bail before you plug, you won’t stop the water coming in, and if you plug but don’t bail, you still have water in the boat with you.


Plugging is like sticking to a rule, program or diet that stops something bad from coming into your life. Jains are famous for their non-violence and vegetarianism, which is why they do not eat root vegetables, because you must kill the entire plant when you pull it out of the ground.

Bailing is like exercise or training that gets rid of the bad that is already in you. Jains are also famous for spending long periods meditating and standing in yogic postures in the jungle, sometimes for so long that vines were said to grow up their bodies.

mahaviraJains believe that it is only by this two-pronged plug and bail strategy that the individual can be fully liberated and be united with the cosmos, escaping the rounds of reincarnation. Regardless of what you believe, it is also an excellent strategy for training and improving yourself.