Anyone familiar with the famous debate knows that one of the key differences between the two thinkers is that Chomsky asserts that there is something that is human nature, though he admits it is hard to define, and that there is something like a just society, while Foucault argues that there is no definition of human nature without institutions imposing their power on others, and that no society can be completely free or just.
In his novel The Sorrows of Young Werther (1774), Goethe wrote, “misunderstandings and neglect create more confusion in this world than trickery and malice”. Later, after many similar quotations from others, this was shortened and labeled Hanlon’s Razor:
Never attribute to malice that which is adequately explained by stupidity.
Often, what we think are sinister, organized conspiracies are nothing more than human beings afraid of losing their power and privilege and acting without much long term thinking or planning. Sadly, we can see countless examples of this throughout history and across all cultures.